30 PROVISIONS

EUR 1,000 Warranty provisions 10 year liability provisions Landscaping provisions Lease commit-ment provisions Litigation provisions Other provisions Total 31 Dec 2013 Total 31 Dec 2012
Provisions, 1 Jan 9,312 8,075 2,852 1,953 150 22,341 21,794
Translation differences -228 -263 -1 -492 454
Increases in provisions 4,069 1,782 710 1,917 5,900 705 15,083 10,272
Expensed provisions -6,067 -1,200 -104 -2,394 -9,764 -10,179
Purchases and sales of subsidiaries 3 -6 -4
Provisions 31 Dec 2013 7,089 8,657 3,196 1,476 5,900 847 27,164
Provisions 31 Dec 2012 9,312 8,075 2,852 1,953 150 22,341










EUR 1,000 Warranty provisions 10 year liability provisions Landscaping provisions Lease commit-ment provisions Litigation provisions Other provisions Total 31 Dec 2013 Total 31 Dec 2012
Provisions categorised as

Long-term 1,547 7,316 3,196 1,476 5,900 500 19,935 13,238

Short-term 5,541 1,341 347 7,229 9,104

7,089 8,657 3,196 1,476 5,900 847 27,164 22,341










Warranty provisions cover after completion repair costs arising from warranty obligations. Provisions related to housing construction are expected to be used within one year after the provision is made. Warranty provisions related to other construction projects are mainly used in 1-2 years after the provision is made.

10 year liability provision related to housing and commercial contruction is determined as a whole for all the projects including such liabilities.

Landscaping provisions are related to a site's landscaping obligations. The expected time for using landscaping provisions depends on the use of the site, because in most cases the landscaping work starts after the use of the site ceases.

Lease liability commitment arises, when the company has a contractual obligation to obtain tenants for premises not yet leased in a commercial real estate under construction. Provisions for lease commitments are expected to be used in 1–3 years after the provision is made.

Litigation provision is recognised for the asphalt cartel related claims for damages pending in the District Court of Helsinki, with 14 municipalities as plaintiffs. The court proceedings of these actions are expected to start in the District Court during 2014 at the earliest, and are expected to last 1–3 years. The amount of provision is estimated on the basis of the decisions given by Helsinki district court on 28th November 2013.