8 PERSONNEL AND EMPLOYEE BENEFIT EXPENSES

EUR 1,000 1 Jan–31 Dec 2013 1 Jan–31 Dec 2012
Personnel expenses    

Wages and salaries 371,877 373,063

Share-based payments 950 517

Pension expenses, defined contribution plans 48,376 47,214

Pension expenses, defined benefit plans 1,383 819

Other personnel-related expenses 26,399 28,373

  448,985 449,986


 
The salaries and fees of the Group Companies' managing directors and Board of Directors 3,626 3,683
       

Defined benefit pension expenses are explained in more detail in the note 28 and share-based payments in the note 29 and related party transactions in the note 38.


1 Jan–31 Dec 2013 1 Jan–31 Dec 2012
Personnel on average


Salaried staff 2,953 3,007

Hourly paid workers 4,870 5,173

  7,823 8,180
Personnel by business segment


International Operations 2,953 3,057

Building Construction 1,391 1,425

Infrastructure Construction 1,518 1,751

Technical Building Services 1,658 1,631

Parent company 303 316

  7,823 8,180
       

Number of employees includes the personnel of discontinued operations for the time they were employees of Lemminkäinen Group.