Environmental performance Indicators

EN3 Direct energy consumption

Lemminkäinen uses non-renewable energy sources as its direct energy sources.

Direct energy consumption, Finland

GWh 2013 2012 2011
Light fuel oil 138 162 133
Heavy fuel oil 84 85 101
Natural gas 38 60 59
Liquefied petroleum gas* 2 2 n/a
Total 262 309 293

* Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) was added to the data for 2012–2013

EN4 Indirect energy consumption

Indirect energy consumption, production facilities Finland

GWh 2013 2012 2011
Electricity 26 26 19
District heating* n/a n/a 1.7
Total 26 26 20.7

* During 2012-2013 production facilities have not had district heating consumption. In 2011 district heating was used only in concrete plants.

Our indirect energy consumption is based on consolidated Group purchases for 2013.

EN8 Total water withdrawal by source

During the reporting year, Lemminkäinen used an estimated 294,000 m3 (155,000) of water in the production facilities of  the paving and mineral aggregates operations. The company use some water for dust suppression and for drilling in rock engineering. Whenever possible, Lemminkäinen's construction sites use also surface water. The reporting is based on estimated usage.

Lemminkäinen's business operations do not currently employ any processes that consume high volumes of water.

EN14 Managing impacts on biodiversity

Lemminkäinen's mineral aggregates and paving operations in Finland require permits. At Lemminkäinen, these permits are coordinated by a separate team that supports production. In Finland, Lemminkäinen has a total of 306 permits, including mineral aggregates and environmental permits as well as registrations of asphalt plants.

In 2013, Lemminkäinen was granted 41 new permits for our operations. The Environmental Protection Act defines those projects that also require a separate environmental impact assessment (EIA). Lemminkäinen did not launch any EIA projects during the reporting year. The EIA procedures and careful planning helps Lemminkäinen to safeguard biodiversity.

Lemminkäinen conducts our own environmental risk assessment for projects that do not legally require an environmental permit. These assessments seek to predict any detrimental environmental impact, enabling the company to target the necessary precautions correctly.

Lemminkäinen continually monitor the impact its operations have on the environment. To the company's knowledge, no serious environmental incidents occurred in 2013. At Lemminkäinen's site in Forssa, an oil spill occurred in connection with refuelling. The surroundings have been cleaned of the traces of the incident in cooperation with authorities.

EN16 Total direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions

Lemminkäinen continually seeks to reduce airborne emissions from its production facilities. Lemminkäinen aims to employ the industry’s best available technology, such as chimney filters, which reduce the volume of rock dust, sulphur and nitrogen dioxide released into the air.

Calculated emissions, Finland

t 2013 2012 2011
Scope 1, From fuels consumed and own transportation 76,600 86,100 83,000
Scope 2, From purchased electricity* and district heating 5,200 5,700 4,600
Total CO₂ emissions, Scopes 1 + 2 81,800 91,800 87,600

The following CO₂ emissions coefficients have been used when calculating the emissions for these forms of energy:
Light fuel oil 267 g/kWh; heavy fuel oil 284 g/kWh; natural gas 198 g/kWh, diesel 265 g/kWh and petroleum 265g/kWh (source: Motiva)
* Electricity, purchased 203 g/kWh (source: IEA 5-year average 2007-2011).

The coefficient for purchased electricity is obtained annually from data published by the IEA.
We have defined CO₂ as the most significant greenhouse gas. These emissions are generated by both transportation and energy consumption in our own operations.
Scope 1 emissions cover the entire Group’s energy consumption and all the vehicles and fuel cards that we own.
Scope 2 covers the emissions generated during the production of electricity and district heating at our production facilities.
Our scope 3 coverage is currently being defined.

In addition to CO₂, we also cause environmental loading through, for example, noise, dust, vibration and odour pollution, and SOx, NOx and small particle emissions.

EN22 Total amount of waste by type and disposal method

Waste, production facilities Finland

Production facilities
Recycled, reused and incinerated waste, % 73.4
Recycled, reused and incinerated waste, t 756
Landfill waste, % 26.6
Landfill waste, t 274

The recycling, reuse and incineration rate includes all waste that is recycled, reused and incinerated as a percentage of total waste.
The landfill rate includes all waste that ends up in landfills as a percentage of total waste.
Hazardous waste has been included in recycling, as it is being reused.
Reports do not include demolition waste and excavated materials. The amount of mixed waste is based on capacity of waste container / emptying.

EN26 Mitigating environmental impacts of products and services

Read more about the environmental impacts of Lemminkäinen's products and services.

EN28 Significant fines and sanctions for non-compliance with environmental regulations

Lemminkäinen received no significant fines or sanctions in 2013.

In autumn 2013, the National Bureau of Investigation launched an investigation with regard to the terms and conditions of the environmental permit of Lemminkäinen’s asphalt plants in Sammonmäki. Lemminkäinen is cooperating with the authorities in this matter.

EN29 Environmental impacts of transportation

Lemminkäinen is continually striving to optimise transportation and ensure its efficiency. Lemminkäinen utilises systems that enable the company to reduce unnecessary driving and pay attention to idling.

Lemminkäinen uses videoconferencing to reduce business travel. Emissions caused by business trips are reported as part of our head office’s Green Office reporting. They account for an estimated 1–2 per cent of the total emissions caused by Lemminkäinen's operations in Finland.

The emissions limit for company vehicles is 150g CO2/km.

Traffic and transportation

GWh 2013 2012 2011
Energy consumption 31 27 25

Transportation causes CO₂, SOx, and NOx emissions as well as noise and dust pollution. CO₂ emissions are reported as part of our EN 16 indicator (scope 1).
Our reporting covers our own vehicles’ fuel consumption in our domestic operations. Traffic and transportation includes all vehicles used on public highways.
We reduce the environmental impact of traffic and transportation by paying attention to the optimisation and efficiency of transportation and by servicing our vehicles regularly. We avoid idling, and we choose machinery and equipment that are appropriate for the intended use.
We take extra care to protect the ground on aprons, to prevent oils, fuels and solvents from contaminating the soil and groundwater.

EN30 Total environmental protection expenditures and investments

Lemminkäinen made environmental investments of approximately EUR 1 million. They were associated with the operational improvements at our production facilities.