Environmental performance indicators

EN3 Direct energy consumption

Lemminkäinen uses non-renewable energy sources as our direct energy sources. The company's direct energy consumption is based on consolidated Group purchases.

Direct energy consumption, Finland

2014 2013 2012
Light fuel oil, GWh 129 138 162
Heavy fuel oil, GWh 94 84 85
Natural gas, GWh 55 38 60
Liquefied petroleum gas, GWh* 2 2 2
Total, GWh 280 262 309

* Liquefied petroleum gas (LPG) was added to the data for 2012–2014.

EN4 Indirect energy consumption

Indirect energy consumption, production facilities Finland

2014 2013 2012
Electricity, GWh 16 26 26
District heating, GWh* n/a n/a n/a
Total, GWh 16 26 26

* Distict heating has been excluded from the reporting for years 2012-2014. It was only used at concrete product factories that were sold in connection with a divestment.

Our indirect energy consumption is based on consolidated Group purchases for 2014.

EN8 Total water withdrawal by source

During the reporting year, Lemminkäinen used an estimated 70,000 m3 (60,000*) of water in the production facilities of the paving and mineral aggregates operations.

The company uses some water for dust suppression and for drilling in rock engineering. Whenever possible, construction sites also use surface water. The reporting is based on estimated usage.

Lemminkäinen’s business operations do not currently employ any processes that consume high volumes of water.

* The figure has been revised.

EN14 Managing impacts on biodiversity

Lemminkäinen’s mineral aggregates and paving operations require permits. At Lemminkäinen, these permits are coordinated by a separate team that supports production.

In 2014, Lemminkäinen’s operations in Finland were granted 15 new mineral aggregates permits, 22 environmental permits and 5 registrations of asphalt plants. In Finland, Lemminkäinen has a total of 385 mineral aggregates and environmental permits. The figure includes the registrations of asphalt plants.

The Environmental Protection Act defines those projects that also require a separate environmental impact assessment (EIA). The company did not launch any EIA projects during the reporting year.

Lemminkäinen conducts its own environmental risk assessment for projects that do not legally require an environmental permit. These assessments seek to predict any detrimental environmental impact, enabling the company to target the necessary precautions correctly.

Lemminkäinen continually monitors the impact its operations have on the environment. To the company’s knowledge, no serious environmental incidents occurred in 2014. At the company’s mineral aggregate area in Karkkila, an oil spill occurred in connection with an equipment breakdown. The surroundings have been cleaned of the traces of the incident in cooperation with authorities.

Lemminkäinen is a member of Corporate Responsibility Network FIBS. In 2014, the company participated in FIBS’ Business & Biodiversity programme. The programme offered information about best business practices concerning biodiversity as well as tools for biodiversity management and for the determination of Lemminkäinen’s role and responsibilities as a provider and user of ecosystem services.

EN16 Total direct and indirect greenhouse gas emissions

Lemminkäinen continually seeks to reduce emissions from its production facilities. The company aims to employ the industry’s best available technology, such as filters, which reduce the volume of rock dust, sulphur dioxide and nitrogen oxide released into the air.

Calculated emissions, Finland

2014 2013 2012
Scope 1, t From fuels consumed and own transportation 81,000 75,600 86,100
Scope 2, t From purchased electricity and district heating* 3,200 5,200 5,700
Total CO₂ emissions, t scope 1 + 2 84,200 81,800 91,800

The following CO₂ emissions coefficients have been used when calculating the emissions for these forms of energy:
Light fuel oil 261 g/kWh; heavy fuel oil 284 g/kWh; natural gas 198 g/kWh, diesel 265 g/kWh and petroleum 265g/kWh (source: Motiva).
* Electricity, purchased 203 g/kWh (source: IEA 5-year average 2007-2011).

The coefficient for purchased electricity is obtained annually from data published by the IEA.
We have defined CO₂ as the most significant greenhouse gas. These emissions are generated by both transportation and energy consumption in our own operations.
Scope 1 emissions cover the entire Group’s energy consumption and all the vehicles and fuel cards that we own.
Scope 2 covers the emissions generated during the production of electricity and district heating at our production facilities.
Our scope 3 coverage is currently being defined.

In addition to CO₂, we also cause environmental loading through, for example, noise, dust, vibration and odour pollution, and SOx, NOx and small particle emissions.

EN22 Total amount of waste by type and disposal method

Waste, production facilities Finland

2014 2013
Production facilities

Recycled, reused and incinerated waste, % 71 73.4
Recycled, reused and incinerated waste, t 848 756
Landfill waste, % 29 26.6
Landfill waste, t 350 274

The recycling, reuse and incineration rate includes all waste that is recycled, reused and incinerated as a percentage of total waste.
The landfill rate includes all waste that ends up in landfills as a percentage of total waste.
Hazardous waste has been included in recycling, as it is being reused.
Reports do not include demolition waste and excavated materials. The amount of mixed waste is based on capacity of waste container / emptying.

EN26 Mitigating environmental impacts of products and services

Read more about the environmental impacts of Lemminkäinen's solutions and services.

EN28 Significant fines and sanctions for non-compliance with environmental regulations

Lemminkäinen received no significant fines or sanctions in 2014.

In autumn 2013, the Centre for Economic Development, Transport and the Environment for Uusimaa, that is to say the authority controlling the environmental permit of Lemminkäinen’s asphalt plant in Sammonmäki, Tuusula, Finland, submitted a request to the National Bureau of Investigation, asking it to launch an investigation with regard to the terms and conditions of the environmental permit of the asphalt plant. In December 2014, the investigation request led to charges for an environmental offence against Lemminkäinen and two of its employees. The hearing of the case will continue in 2015.

EN29 Environmental impacts of transportation

Lemminkäinen is striving to optimise transportation and ensure its efficiency. The company utilises systems that enable it to reduce unnecessary driving, and the company pays attention to idling.

To reduce business travel, Lemminkäinen uses videoconferencing. Emissions caused by business trips in 2014 were reported as part of our head office’s Green Office reporting. They account for an estimated 1–2% of the total emissions caused by Lemminkäinen’s operations in Finland.

The carbon dioxide emissions limit for company vehicles is 150 g/km.

Traffic and transportation

2014 2013 2012
Energy consumption, GWh 36 31 27

Transportation causes CO₂, SOx, and NOx emissions as well as noise and dust pollution. CO₂ emissions are reported as part of our EN 16 indicator (scope 1).
Our reporting covers our own vehicles’ fuel consumption in our domestic operations. Traffic and transportation includes all vehicles used on public highways.
We reduce the environmental impact of traffic and transportation by paying attention to the optimisation and efficiency of transportation and by servicing our vehicles regularly. We avoid idling, and we choose machinery and equipment that are appropriate for the intended use.
We take extra care to protect the ground on aprons, to prevent oils, fuels and solvents from contaminating the soil and groundwater.

EN30 Total environmental protection expenditures and investments

Lemminkäinen made environmental investments of approximately EUR 1 million (1). Investments were mainly associated with equipment and machinery purchases for the production of recycled asphalt and low-temperature asphalt, for example.