In Finland, the total volume of construction is expected to grow slightly in 2016. Housing production is likely to remain stable and demand for apartments will still be focused on small units in urban growth centres. Sales to investors are expected to remain active. Commercial construction will increase, thanks to individual major projects and public sector works. Renovation will continue to be brisk but its growth will slow down.

Cuts made by the government and economic uncertainty restrict infrastructure construction investments in Finland. Construction of transport infrastructure is not expected to grow in 2016 although the state’s planned investments in basic road maintenance will increase demand for paving somewhat in the next few years. Demand for infra projects is maintained by complex projects in urban growth centres, but the market is expected to decline in 2016 as many new decisions are still pending.

In Norway and Sweden, infrastructure construction is boosted by multi-year, state-funded traffic infrastructure development programmes. In both countries, infrastructure construction is expected to grow in 2016. Large-scale road and railway projects are ongoing or planned near urban growth centres in Sweden and Norway, which will increase demand for infra projects. These countries are also investing significantly in the development and renewal of energy production. Demand for paving in Sweden and Norway is expected to remain at the 2015 level.

In Denmark, growth in paving is restricted by a decrease in public investments.

In Russia, market uncertainty is likely to continue. The fluctuations in the price of oil are reflected in the currency exchange rate. Rising inflation continues to decline consumer purchasing power. The state of Russia still tries to maintain demand for housing by subsidising consumer mortgages. Construction and repair projects on major roads maintain demand for paving.

In the Baltic countries, the volume of infrastructure construction is estimated to start growing moderately in 2016. The possible launch of the Rail Baltica traffic project would increase the demand for infrastructure construction in all of the Baltic countries.