8 Employee benefit expenses and number of personnel

EUR million 1 Jan–31 Dec 2015 1 Jan–31 Dec 2014
Personnel expenses


Wages and salaries 245.2 281.6

Share-based expenses 0.5 0.3

Pension expenses, defined contribution plans 32.9 36.1

Pension expenses, defined benefit plans 0.0 0.0

Other personnel-related expenses 16.2 18.9


294.9 337.0




The wages and salaries of the Group companies' managing directors and Board of directors, continuing operations 3.3 4.6




Defined benefit pension expenses are explained in more detail in the note 29 and share-based payments in the note 30 and related party transactions in the note 38.



31 Dec 2015 31 Dec 2014
Personnel at the end of period


White collar 1,845 2,070

Blue collar 2,214 2,678


4,059 4,748



Personnel by business segment at the end of period


Paving 2,124 2,225

Infra projects 463 439

Building construction, Finland 947 1,038

Russian operations 405 635

Parent company and others 120 411


4,059 4,748